(SEMINAR) Magdalena Birowska, Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw

event date: 17 May 2024

The Centre of New Technologies, University of Warsaw invites to a seminar by

Magdalena Birowska

Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw

Anisotropic physical properties of the layered magnetic crystals

Date: 17th May 2024, Friday

Time: 12:00 pm (Central European Time)

Host: Silvio Osella, PhD, DSc

The seminar will be in the CeNT aula hall (00.142) on the main floor.


Anisotropy is the characteristic feature of a material referring to different physical properties along different directions. Generally, it is an intrinsic property related to atomic structure. The layered materials are naturally anisotropic, as they lack the third dimension. The two-dimensional (2D) materials frequently occur as isotropic materials such as widely examined graphene or TMDs. However, in-plane anisotropy can also occur, or can be induced by various factors such as strain, defects, stacking order, external magnetic or electric fields.
In this talk, by used of the density functional theory (DFT), I will reveal an occurrence of in-plane anisotropic features in the magnetic, electronic, transport, and optical properties in monolayers of transition metal phosphorus trisulfides (MPX3, M=Mn, Ni, Fe, X=S, Se) [1-4]. These materials are 2D antiferromagnetic (AFM) crystals. We have shown that FePS3, exhibit structural anisotropy stemming from breaking of the hexagonal symmetry of magnetic ions, resulting particularly in magnetoelectric anisotropies [1]. Additionally, we have determined the optically active band edge transitions (Mn,Fe)PX3, predicting that they are sensitive to in-plane magnetic order [2]. We have revealed linear polarization as an important fingerprints for sensing the type of magnetic AFM arran- gements. Additionally, we identify the spin-orientation-dependent features such as the valley splitting, the effective mass of holes, and the exciton binding energy. In particular, we demonstrate that for MnPX3 (X=S, Se) a pair of non equivalent K+ and K- points exists yielding the valley splittings that strongly depend on the direction of AFM aligned spins. These features can be referred to as sensitive parameters that provide insight into spin flop transitions


[1] A. Ghosh, M. Birowska, P. Kumar Ghose, M. Rybak, S. Maity, S. Ghosh, B.Das, S. Bera, S. Bhardwaj, S. Nandi, S. Datta, Phys. Rev. B 108, L060403 (2023).

[2] M. Rybak, P. E. Faria Junior, T. Woźniak, P. Scharoch, J. Fabian, M. Birowska, Phys. Rev. B 109, 054426 (2024).

[3] R. Basnet, K. Kotur, M. Rybak, C. Stephenson, S. Bishop, C. Autieri, M. Birowska, J. Hu, Phys. Rev. Research 4, 023256 (2022).

[4] J. Strasdas, B. Pestka, M. Rybak, A. K. Budniak, N. Leuth, H. Boban, V. Feyer, I. Cojocariu, D. Baranowski, J. Avila, P. Dudin, Y. Amouyal, L. Plucinski, E. Lifshitz, M. Birowska, M. Morgenstern, Nano Lett. 23, 10342 (2023).